Information is said to be the solution of uncertainty; however, it defines both the nature and the essence of its attributes. To say that information is a kind of knowledge is equivalent to saying that knowledge is a kind of information. The idea of information has various meanings in many contexts. In education, information is used to evaluate the learning process and teach the learners about the subject, whereas information refers to any data that describe the world as we see it and helps us make sense of it.
One way of looking at the meaning of information is to view it as a kind of knowledge acquisition. When we acquire knowledge for some purpose, we acquire information (in the sense of knowledge) along with the acquisition. For example, when we receive information about the nature of a plant by looking at it in nature, we are acquiring knowledge (in the context of plant knowledge). We could also acquire knowledge about how to use a screwdriver (in the context of mechanical knowledge). Thus, we see information as having two parts, the information one learns from the environment, and the knowledge acquired by applying the acquired knowledge.
Now, it would be more correct to say that information is knowledge acquired by applying it. For instance, we can say that John is a doctor, and that Mary is a student. They have knowledge of medicine, but only because they have been taught it by someone. John is able to apply his knowledge by getting on a plane and learning about straw votes. He knows that Mary is a straw voter, but he didn’t know that until he got on the plane.
One way to look at the meaning of information is to view it as a kind of etymology. Etymology, in the English language, refers to the process of borrowing words from other languages. In the computer industry, we take source code from programs written in other languages and modify them for our purposes. Similarly, information can be considered as a form of etymology in the context of our understanding of grand juries.
We must keep in mind, however, that etymology is not a science; it is an attempt to reconstruct an ancient word. We can use the word ‘information’ in contexts where it can mean both, but it would be much more accurate to use the word ‘enformation’ or ‘informed decision’. Informative and grand jury decision-makers understand that they need information before they make their decisions. This information helps them make informed decisions.
So, we see etymology as a powerful tool for reconstructing information. It can provide valuable information to both scientists and judges, but it needs to be treated as a secondary source. A grand jury may draw its information from scientific journals, or court reporters may rely on published reports. A popular example of a source for the creation of energy is the newspaper, and not the encyclopedias or dictionaries.